GLASGOW: With the COP26 heading for the final day without a definite call on key issues like climate finance and a carbon market, a group of 22 countries including India — called Like Minded Developing Countries (LMDC) — on Thursday protested strongly against “carbon colonisation” in the context of developed nations trying to enforce a 1.5 degree warming limit.
The LMDC group including India, China, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bolivia and Indonesia termed the move as ‘carbon colonialism’. “Developed countries are pushing this narrative of 1.5 degrees Celsius very hard. We know that this narrative will lead them to control the world once again. And those countries that are not able to achieve the net zero targets by 2050, they will be ethically and financially condemned. That is unfair. That is against climate justice,” said Diego Pacheco, Bolivia’s lead negotiator, who represents the LMDC group.
They called called the Conference presidency not to adopt a “mitigation-centric approach” by keeping 1.5 degree Celsius goal as a “collective responsibility” of all nations in the Glasgow decision text and requested it be “completely remove paragraph on mitigation” in the revised text.
The paragraph on mitigation in the text, which is to be finalised only after consensus, includes language on collectively trying to limit global warming to 1.5 degree C above pre-industrial (1850-1900) level, as opposed to the target under the Paris Agreement which put 2 degree C as upper limit while keeping 1.5 degree C as an aspirational goal.
The text also asked for commitments from 196 countries to boost climate targets by 2023 to keep the warming limit goal of 1.5 degree Celsius alive and to submit by next year their long term decarbonisation strategies to be on a promised net-zero trajectory.
Speaking on behalf of the group at a press conference, Pacheco said, “We request developed countries to achieve real reduction of emissions immediately and by 2030, within this decade. They cannot take targets very distant in the future… We as LMDC do not accept that this COP will be a scenario for transferring historical responsibility to the developing countries.”
The LMDC members also expressed the need for higher mobilisation of finance from the developed countries instead of trying to change the narrative towards mitigation and 2050 ‘net zero’ goal which, the group thinks, is against the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibility (CBDR) and respective capabilities (RC) as enshrined in the UN Convention and the Paris Agreement.
“We are not going to accept any changes in the principle of CBDR. There should be differentiation. There should be recognition for CBDR in the negotiation process. And there should also be recognition of the pre-2020 ambition gap. So, if we are going to accept net zero by 2050 for all countries then the developing countries would be trapped in a very unjust way of addressing climate change,” said Pacheco.

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